UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)

UTI (Urinary Tract Infection): Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Symptoms | Causes | Infection in Men | Infection in Women | Infection in Children | Treatment | Prevention

 

What is UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)?

Infection caused by bacteria or microorganisms in any part of the urinary tract is known as urinary tract infection (UTI).

You are in a state of delusion if you think these organisms are visible without a microscope.

You will need a microscope to check the visibility of bacteria, as they are very tiny objects.

Bacteria is the primary source for this disease, but in rare cases, Fungi and viruses can take the position of bacteria and become the source of Urinary Tract Infection.

UTI can occur in any place in the Urinary Tract.

Your urinary tract is comprised of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

In many cases, only urethra and bladder are involved in lower tracts.

However, UTIs can involve the ureters and kidneys in the upper tract.

Upper tract UTIs are more uncommon than lower tract UTIs.

Infection caused in the Upper tract is much more severe.

Women have more chances of UTI in comparison to men.

An infection that is restricted to the bladder is annoying and irritating, and if it spreads to the kidney, then it can have serious complications.

Most antibiotics are used in the treatment of Urinary Tract infection, but you can take steps at home to prevent the occurring of this infection.

Rush to your doctor if you notice the symptoms in your body.

 

What is a Urinary tract?

The function of the Urinary Tract is the production and storage of Urine.

Urine has toxins or waste products of the body in liquid form.

It includes the following parts:

1. Kidneys

Kidneys are usually found on the back of your body, the area just above the hips.

Kidneys are known to be the filters of the body as they are assigned of following tasks like removing waste and water from your blood.

This waste becomes urine.

 

2. Ureters

The name knows a thin tube that allows the flow of urine from the kidneys to your bladder of Uterus.

The length of the tube is around 25 cm long.

 

3. Bladder

It is in the shape of a sac-like container.

The function of the bladder is to store urine in it before it is flushed out of the body.

 

4. Urethra

The urethra is a tube that transfers urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

The function of Male Urethra is to form a connection between the urinary bladder and Penis in Men.

 

Symptoms of Urinary Tract infection

  • Frequent urge for urination.
  • There is a burning sensation while urinating.
  • Not able to urinate properly, it happens in small amounts.
  • Urine that appears cloudy.
  • Visibility of blood in Urine.
  • Very Strong Ordure of Urine
  • Pelvic pain, in women — especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone.

 

Symptoms of lower tract UTI Symptoms of upper tract UTI
Burning sensation while passing urine Fever
Frequent urge for urination Headache
Urine that appears cloudy

 

Vomiting
Bloody urine Tiredness
Pelvic pain in women Pain in the upper back

 

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection

 There can be many causes of Urinary Tract Infection like:

  • You are at more risk to UTI, as you are growing in age. The more you grow in age, the higher your chances to get Urinary Tract Infection.
  • Kidney stones also provoke the occurrence of Urinary Tract Infection.
  • When one is on bed rest for a very long period after Surgery.
  • Heredity of Urinary Tract Infection in the family.
  • If you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk to develop Urinary Tract infection.
  • Pregnancy can also lead to UTI.
  • Having a robust immune system is very important to fight infections like Urinary Tract Infection.

 

Causes of Urinary Test Infection in Men

  • The leading cause of Urinary tract infection (UTI) is Bacteria or Microorganisms.
  • Age is one of the significant factors which provoke this infection.
  • More the age, higher risk of developing the infection
  • Risk is more after the age of 50.
  • In most cases, the development of UTI in men who are above the age of 50  are brought about by the bacterium known as Escherichia coli, which is usually present in the body.
  • Cases like UTIs in younger men are ordinarily caused due to sexual intercourse or by sexually transmitted diseases STI.
  • UTI creates when the bacterium gets into the urinary tract through the urethra and starts duplicating.
  • As men have longer urethras than ladies, they are less inclined to UTIs because microbes need to travel more distance to arrive at the bladder.
  • According to studies, Urinary Tract Infection is four times more common infection in men as compared to women.

 

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection in Women

Women are more prone to this infection in comparison to men. Various reports say that women can get infected with this disease more than one time in their lifetime.

Various Risk Factors in women are as follows:

  • Female anatomy. The size of Urethra in women is shorter than men, which reduces the distance that is required to reach bladder by the bacteria.
  • Sexual activity. Women who frequently indulge in sexual activities are more prone to infection as compared to sexually inactive women. Often choosing different partners for sexual intercourse can furthermore increase the chances.
  • Certain types of birth control.The use of Diaphragms and spermicidal agents to ensure birth control are more prone to infections like Urinary Tract Infection.
  • After menopause, a decline in circulating estrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that make you more vulnerable to infection.

Urinary infections in children

  • Symptoms in children need to be spotted urgently as they may cause severe complications further.
  • Urinary Reflux is the most frequently occurring disease in children.
  • In this condition, there are hurdles in the proper working of the bladder, which allows urine to flow back to the kidneys, increasing the risk of a kidney infection.

 

A urinary Bladder infection can further lead to many other problems in the body like:

1. High level of Blood pressure

2. Toxemia in pregnancy

3. Kidney failure

The most common cause of Urinary tract infection is heredity.

If other people in your family have a history with this infection, then you should notice the symptoms wisely, because there are chances that your children can also get infected by the same disease.

As soon as you notice, the symptoms rush to your doctor to prevent further damage.

 

Treatment for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

You can take these steps to reduce your risk of urinary tract infections.

  • Fluoroquinolones are a batch of antibiotics prescribed by our doctor due to the presence of Urinary Tract Infection, which has the other medicines like ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin) and others.
  • These medicines are powerful and therefore, are usually avoided as they can have many reverse effects on the body.
  • Do not take these medicines without a prescription from your doctor.
  • Your doctor can prescribe you with these antibiotics for Urinary Tract Infection or Kidney infection if no other source of treatment work at that particular point of time.
  • After you start with your treatment, you will notice no signs or symptoms which do not mean you should stop taking your medicines.
  • Follow your prescription and do not take any other additional step as these medicines are very risky.
  • If your symptoms are not severe, and it is a case of uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection, then your doctor can prescribe you with medicines for one-three days.
  • The type of treatment you have to undergo depends on your symptoms and how to fare the infection has spread already.

 

What you can do

Keep an eye on your symptoms and if you feel anything dicey, book an appointment with your doctor.

Ensure a healthy lifestyle to as much possible extent and avoid all your bad habits if you have noticed the symptoms to further curb the infection from spreading.

When you reach the clinic, ask the nurse if anything has to be done before the consultation, like in most cases, it is collecting urine for UTI.

Discuss everything in detail about your signs and symptoms with your doctor.

Make a list of medications that were recommended to you in the past and do inform your doctor about the same.

Be well prepared with questions to ask your doctor, so that you don’t skip on anything.

Do not delay the process of visiting your doctor once you notice the symptoms as it can have many harmful effects ahead.

 

Preventive measures for UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)

1. Drink More water

  • When you increase the consumption of water in your daily routine, it makes the process of Urination more persistent and frequent.
  • Thus this process allows the microscopic organisms to be flushed from your urinary tract before a disease can start.

 

2. Drink more fresh juices

  • Drinking more and more fresh juices which contain plenty of Fiber, can quickly clear toxins from your body.
  • Hence it creates a barrier for the infection to enter the body.

 

3. Wipe from front to back

  • Cleaning your body parts after urine and Bowel movements is very necessary.
  • It keeps microscopic organisms in the anal section and prevents it from spreading to the vagina and urethra.

 

4. Avoid possibly aggravating women’s items

  • Try and avoid antiperspirant sprays or other female items, for example, douches and powders, in the genital territory can disturb the urethra.

 

5. Limit alcohol and caffeine

  • Limit your consumption of products containing caffeine and avoid alcohol as much as possible.
  • Avoiding products like coffee, soda, and other caffeine enriched products can help to control Urinary Tract Infections in your body.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • If you are a smoker, try and take steps to quit this habit.
  • Smoking cannot just provoke UTI but also cause many other diseases like Lung infections.
  • Prevent yourself from entering the smoker zone, if you still haven’t smoked.

 

6. Avoid constipation

  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle with rich fiber food items like fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains.
  • Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water in a day.
  • Start your day by exercising and adapt to this pattern for better results.

 

7. Maintain your body weight

  • Your body is at higher risk of diseases and other complications with an increase in weight.
  • Maintain your body weight with a healthy lifestyle and by selecting healthy food items and maintaining a balanced diet.
  • Do not forget to stay hydrated.

 

8. Exercise regularly

  • Regular exercise curbs the rise of various infections and diseases in the body.
  • It closes the door for infections like bladder infection and constipation.
  • It also helps you stay fit and calm.
  • Thus helps in promoting weight loss.

 

9. Do pelvic floor muscle exercises

  • Practice more of Pelvic Floor Exercises as it helps to hold urine in the bladder.
  • It is also known as Kegel Exercises.
  • Daily exercises can strengthen these muscles, which can help keep urine from leaking when you sneeze, cough, lift, laugh, or have a sudden urge to urinate.

 

10. Flush out your toxins

  • Flush out toxins from your body more often in a day.
  • Do not hold your urine as it weakens your bladder muscles and make a bladder infection more likely.
  • Urinate at least 3-4 times a day.

 

11. Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes

  • Wearing loose, cotton clothing will allow air to keep the area around the urethra dry.
  • Tight-fitting jeans and nylon underwear can trap moisture and help bacteria grow.

 

12. Empty your bladder after sexual intercourse

  • If you involve in sexual intercourse, remember to urinate after the process.
  • It is essential to empty your bladder, to avoid even a single chance of development of the infection in the urinary tract.

 

Summary

What is UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)?

  • Infection caused by bacteria or microorganisms in any part of the urinary tract is known as urinary tract infection (UTI).

What is a Urinary tract?

  • The function of the Urinary Tract is the production and storage of Urine.
  • Urine has toxins or waste products of the body in liquid form.

Precautions at your step

  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Urinate frequently in a day
  • Have a healthy diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Intake of rich fiber and fresh juices
  • Wear cotton and lose fighting clothes
  • Empty your bladder after sexual intercourse

Symptoms of Urinary Tract infection

  • Frequent urge for urination.
  • There is a burning sensation while urinating.
  • Not able to urinate properly, it happens in small amounts.
  • Urine that appears cloudy.
  • Visibility of blood in Urine.

 

Note:  Women are more prone to this infection in comparison to men. Various reports say that women can get infected with this disease more than one time in their lifetime.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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