Oral Thrush: Everything You Need To Know

Oral Thrush: Everything You Need To Know

Symptoms in adults | Symptoms in Infants | Causes | Risk Factors | Prevention

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush or oral Candidiasis is a yeast infection that forms inside your mouth.

Candida usually is normal bacteria developed in the mouth, but if you tend to ignore it and do not take necessary precautions, then it can lead to severe problems.

Oral Candidiasis or yeast infections develop mostly in newborns or infants.

White or yellowish bumps that appear on the inner cheeks and tongue are among the symptoms of Oral Thrush.

With proper treatment, you can get rid of these bumps.

Oral thrush does not lead to many severe problems in people, but if you have a weak immune system, then it is likely to spread to other parts of the body, and then it can have serious repercussions.

People with a weak immune system, infants or newborn babies, and people who use steroid sprays for asthma.

Oral thrush can start to develop inside your mouth and spread to the roof of your mouth, your gums or tonsils, or the back of your throat.

This infection will not stay till much long if you have strong immunity and undergo proper medications on time.

Anybody could get infected by Oral thrush, but infants and newborn babies are the worst hit.

Symptoms of Oral Thrush

The symptoms of Oral Thrush may take time to appear, and hence you cannot notice these symptoms too quickly. Here are some signs that you can see if you are infected from Oral Thrush

These are the symptoms that are visible in adults and children

You can notice creamy, white in a color layer on your tongue, inner cheeks, and sometimes on the roof of your mouth, gums, and tonsils.

Slightly raised lesions with a cottage cheese-like appearance.

The area which is infected by the white layer can become red and create burning sensation due to which people are unable to swallow their food.

Difficulty in eating due to redness and burning sensation.

If you scratch the infected area, then there are possible chances of little bleeding, hence avoid scratching and rubbing the area where white lesions are formed.

Cracking and redness can develop at the corners of your mouth.

You can sense a cottony feeling in your mouth.

Another very common symptom is the loss of taste; hence you avoid eating in most of the cases.

Redness, irritation, and pain under dentures (denture stomatitis).

Symptoms in case of Infants and breastfeeding mothers

Due to the formation of white lesions, newborn babies can get irritated quickly due to the constant itching and redness. They can also pass this infection to their mothers while breastfeeding.  These symptoms are caught between the mother and the infant.

  • Unusually red, sensitive, cracked or itchy nipples
  • Shiny or flaky skin on the darker, circular area around the nipple (areola)
  • Unusual pain during nursing or painful nipples between feedings
  • Stabbing pains deep within the breast

Causes of Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is a yeast infection that usually develops in our mouth due to the overgrowth of bacteria called Candida albicans (C. Albicans). When an individual has a robust immune system, then it is easy for their immune system to maintain a thick line between good and bad bacteria in the body.  Our mouth usually observes the presence of Candida Albicans in a fair amount. Still, when the balance of microorganisms in the body is disrupted, then this bacteria grows in a huge number.  In this process, our body can develop the bacteria which cause Oral thrush, and if proper medications are not taken, they can have serious complications.

  1. Weak immune system.
  2. Not taking proper Medication.
  3. Infants and children are the worst hit because they don’t have strong immunity.
  4. Mothers who are breastfeeding their newborn babies.
  5. People who use steroid sprays for asthma.
  6. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy or Radiation therapy can kill good bacteria in the body, which persuades the growth of bad bacteria, which can be a leading cause of oral thrush.
  7. The main cause of diabetes is a weak immune system, which gives rise to high blood sugar levels, which can be another significant cause for Oral Thrush.


Can Oral Thrush Pass from One person to another

If you are infected with oral thrush, you should not delay your medications and prevent coming in direct contact with any other person. If the individual suffering from Oral thrush kisses someone else, then they are passing the infection to another person. This yeast infection can also spread to other parts of the body and can create severe complications for people who have a weak immune system.

The organism that causes oral thrush additionally causes yeast diseases in other parts of the body. It’s feasible for you to pass the parasite, starting with one piece of your body, then onto the next piece of another person’s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can conceivably pass the parasite to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

In case you’re pregnant, and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can pass the organism to your infant during pregnancy.

On the off chance that you have a bosom yeast infection or areola yeast disease, you can pass the organism to your infant while breastfeeding. Your infant can likewise transmit the parasite to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

At the point when C. Albicans is passed starting with one individual then onto the next, it doesn’t generally cause oral thrush or different sorts of yeast contamination.

Additionally, because C. Albicans is so regular in our environment that we don’t need to develop it due to coming in contact with someone else. You should be aware of the risk factors of yeast infection when you get it from somebody else to prevent it from spreading and causing severe repercussions.


Oral Thrush can be easily treated in people who have strong immunity, and it does not even lead to severe complications in the body. But people who have weak immunity cannot take Oral thrush lightly and urgently need to rush to their doctor for medications.  Oral Thrush can lead to serious candida infections in people, and if not treated on time, it can spread to other parts of the body and can also lead to Cancer.

Risk Factors of Oral Thrush

Your chances of Oral Thrush can increase if you are suffering from the following conditions:

1. Weak immune system

Oral thrush is bound to happen in newborn children and grown-ups because their immunity is weak.

Old age people and newborn children are the worst hit of Oral thrush.

Some people have a weak immune system because of their illness.

They have to take medicines and undergo treatment for severe conditions like cancer, organ transplant, and HIV/AIDS, which requires medications that weaken your immune system.

One should always focus on boosting their immunity by taking healthy food items and by keeping themselves fit by regular exercise.

Your immunity helps your body to fight various diseases that enter your body; hence it is essential to have a robust immune system.

2. People suffering from Diabetes

If you have untreated diabetes or the disease isn’t controlled properly, then your saliva can contain an extra amount of sugar.

Excess sugar, which is present in your saliva, is the root cause of Oral Thrush.

Make sure that you are getting proper medications for your diabetes and bring it under control; otherwise, your body can suffer from other serious illnesses apart from Oral Thrush.

Visit your doctor for the treatment to prevent any further damage or any other serious illness.

3. Vaginal yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast diseases are brought about by some bacteria or fungi, which causes oral thrush.

It is essential to take necessary precautions because this infection can transfer to other people through sexual intercourse, or if you are pregnant, you can pass this infection to your child during delivery.

In case you are pregnant, visiting the doctor is very urgent and necessary to prevent the newborn from any infection as they have a weak immune system.


4. Medication

Medications, for example, prednisone, inhaled corticosteroids, or antibiotics that upset the standard equalization of microorganisms in your body, can build your danger of oral thrush.

Such medicines can disrupt the balance of microorganisms and can provoke the symptoms of Oral infections.

Do not take any step on your own, visit your doctor, and do tell him about your past medications and wait for his advice.

Don’t wait for things to spread.

Some other risk factors

  • Wearing false teeth, particularly upper false teeth, or having conditions that cause dry mouth can build the danger of oral thrush.
  • Excessive smoking can be another significant cause of Oral Thrush.
  • Wearing Dentures can also provoke the symptoms of Oral Thrush.

What can be done at home to prevent Oral Thrush?

1. Have a healthy Lifestyle

Have you ever noticed that people with unhealthy lifestyles are hosts for various illnesses?  Ranging from Diabetes, Heart problems to liver infection all are because of one root cause, and that is a weak immune system.

People have a hectic and tiring lifestyle due to which they do not get proper sleep, welcome tons of stress, and eat unhealthy food.

All these factors help to gain weight and make your immunity weak. It is essential to control your diet, eat healthily, and exercise to digest the food and flush out the toxins from your body. If you have a robust immune system, your body can fight from the end number of diseases

Work on building a healthy immune system to prevent Oral Thrush. A robust immune system will create a thick line between good and bad bacteria and prevent the bacteria which develop Oral thrush from multiplying.  Prepare your diet plan and maintain a healthy lifestyle for strong immunity and create a barrier for diseases and infections like Oral Thrush.


2. Proper Oral Hygiene

Our parents have always focused on the need and importance of brushing our teeth before sleeping and after waking up. But have we followed it, right?

Maintaining proper Oral hygiene can prevent Oral Thrush or yeast infection. Also, make sure that you visit your dentist on time for a health checkup.

It is essential to maintain overall hygiene. Little precautions like these can reduce your chances of developing Oral Thrush. You can ask your dentist for some more advice in case you have sensitive teeth.

3. Use of Salt Water

Salt has antiseptic, cleansing, and soothing properties.

This antiseptic property of salt makes it very common at home and is usually preferred by households to treat Oral Infections.

But this shouldn’t prevent you from visiting your dentist if you notice the symptoms of any severe oral infection like oral thrush.

Delay in treatment can cause this infection to spread and cause other serious complications.

Rinsing your mouth with saltwater could help relieve symptoms of oral thrush.

To use:

  • Dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of warm water.
  • Swish the solution throughout your mouth.
  • Spit out the salt solution.


4. Use of Yogurt

Probiotic yogurt contains life, “great” microorganisms societies that may help to treat oral thrush.

Eating Yogurt doesn’t kill Candida; rather, they stop its development.

They may likewise help re-establish the balance of good bacteria or microscopic organisms in the mouth.

Since it’s delicate, yogurt is likewise an excellent food to eat in case you’re experiencing difficulty gulping because of excruciating mouth and throat sores.

These measures cannot stop the infection, so you need to visit your dentist for proper treatment, but you can use these measures for some relief.



Oral thrush or oral Candidiasis is a yeast infection that forms inside your mouth.

Candida usually is normal bacteria developed in the mouth, but if you tend to ignore it and do not take necessary precautions, then it can lead to severe problems.

Cause for the infection

  1. Weak immune system
  2. Not maintaining proper hygiene
  3. Vaginal yeast infection can spread during sexual intercourse
  4. Pregnant mothers can pass this infection to newborns during delivery.
  5. Infection passed from Newborn to mother during Breastfeeding.


  • You can notice creamy, white in a color layer on your tongue, inner cheeks, and sometimes on the roof of your mouth, gums, and tonsils
  • Slightly raised lesions with a cottage cheese-like appearance
  • The area which is infected by white layer can become red and create burning sensation due to which people are unable to swallow their food
  • Difficulty in eating due to redness and burning sensation.


  1. Maintain proper Oral Hygiene
  2. Strengthen your immunity by eating healthy food and exercising regularly.
  3. Use of salt water as salt has antiseptic properties.
  4. Eating yogurt as it is a preferable choice if you are having to swell in mouth and difficulty in eating.

Smile, R., Smile, N. Z., & Mission, A. C. Oral thrush-symptoms and treatment (2018).www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/oral-thrush/symptoms-causes/syc-20353533

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus (2017). cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/thrush/index.html

Akpan, A., & Morgan, R. (2002). Oral candidiasis. The postgraduate medical journal, 78(922), 455-459. 10.1136/pmj.78.922.455

Invasive candidiasis. (2015). cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/invasive/index.html

Thrush or candidiasis. (n.d.). chop.edu/conditions-diseases/thrush-or-candidiasis

Ohshima T, et al. (2016). Therapeutic application of synbiotics, a fusion of probiotics and prebiotics, and biogenic as a new concept for oral Candida infections: A mini-review. 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00010

Systemic candidiasis. (2016). rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/1076/systemic-candidiasis

Garcia-Cuesta, C., Sarrion-Pérez, M. G., & Bagán, J. V. (2014). Current treatment of oral candidiasis: A literature review. Journal of Clinical and Experimental dentistry6(5), e576.  10.4317/jced.51798

Matsubara VH, et al. (2016). Probiotic lactobacilli inhibit the early stages of Candida albicans biofilm development by reducing their growth, cell adhesion, and filamentation. 10.1007/s00253-016-7527-3

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